What was Britain’s legacy in Iraq?
Britain 'founded' Iraq post WWI
Pre WWI - Ottomans (Turks) government 'Iraq'
British worried about Germany extending influence into the Persain Gulf
Importance of Persian (Iranian) oil fields
Britain invades and occupies southern Iraq
By end of WWI Iraq under British control
What to do post war? Incorporate or create a League Mandate?
Self-Government in 1932 - But British influence remained strong
Britain created the 'boundaries' for modern day Iraq
But - how do you make people feel part of a 'state'?
British 'rule' via 'trusted' elites - not government by 'consent'
Replicated after independence and under Saddam Hussein (Centralised control)